Distinct distributed patterns of neural activity are associated with two languages in the bilingual brain

Min Xu, Daniel Baldauf, Chun Qi Chang, Robert Desimone, Li Hai Tan. Science advances, Jul 2017.


A large body of previous neuroimaging studies suggests that multiple languages are processed and organized in a single neuroanatomical system in the bilingual brain, although differential activation may be seen in some studies because of different proficiency levels and/or age of acquisition of the two languages. However, one important possibility is that the two languages may involve interleaved but functionally independent neural populations within a given cortical region, and thus, distinct…